Sarajevska Princeza

Sarajevo This is about my homeland Bosnia-Herzegovina, The Siege of Sarajevo - Cultural Genocide in Bosnia - Genocide in Srebrenica - We dare not forget - The killing days - In the heart of Europe - Concentration camps in Bosnia - Ethnic cleansing of Bosnians - Shelling of the City - Francis A. Boyle - Bill Clinton - Bosnian Nation and Bosnian people all over the world. Survivors.

30.10.2006.

How Sarajevans survived the war in 1992 - True Story

A survivor of the Bosnian war, Elma Dizdar spoke with Zubeida Mustafa on overcoming the traumas of the war. When the Serbian army attacked the capital of Bosnia in April 1992, Elma was a 20-year-old student, studying languages and philosophy at the University of Sarajevo. She and her family did not leave their home throughout the war and braved the hardship of the siege —the longest in history .

Here is Elma’s story:

“It was April 6, 1992, Eid for the Muslims of Bosnia, when the Yugoslav army struck. The Serbian soldiers had been taking up position on the hills surrounding Sarajevo since winter and we sensed that something out of the ordinary was taking place. However, we never really anticipated a war. Yugoslavia was a multi-ethnic society but we had never been conscious of our ethnic distinctiveness. Many of my friends were Serbs and Croats with whom I had grown up, and none of us believed that we would fight each other.

“When the war came, it was not really an ethnic war. Neither was religion an issue. Under Communism, the Muslims, as well as the Christians, could not practise their faith openly. Hence our parents like many others, never taught their children about religion. They didn’t want to confuse us.

“There had been tension and rumours were rife. Kosovo, Croatia, Slovenia had seen fighting, but the Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Croats and Bosnians in Bosnia were closely knit and war seemed so remote, at least to me. We didn’t know about the Greater Serbia plan Milosevic had been drawing up.

”When the Yugoslav army attacked, we were shocked beyond belief. I remember being glued to the TV watching the unarmed students marching towards the bridge across the River Miljacka, which separated the city from the hills. Suddenly the shooting started and a young medical student fell dead. She became the first Bosnian victim of the war. Then came the explosions and the firing. The war had started.

“Sarajevo was under siege and the people were under attack. We were always haunted by the fear of death. People were being killed and one didn’t know who would be the next victim. Bloodstained streets became a common sight for us. Friends were struck by snipers’ bullets and died before our eyes. Going to the university was an ordeal. It involved an hour’s walk through sniper fire — petrol was a luxury only for senior administrators of the city. The biggest act of kindness to me in those days was being offered a lift by someone in a car — it cut short the time of exposure to the bullets.

“We knew that if we tried to create some semblance of normality in our lives it would help us stay sane. Hence this effort to keep up university life, even though most of the faculty had gone. But those who were there went out of their way to help by teaching us and lending their own books to us. The schools were kept going by setting up small classes in sheltered spots in every locality so that the children did not have to go out and get exposed to the snipers. It was the teacher who took the risk and walked miles to reach the children in an improvised school. Yet most people were so gripped by fear and depression that they simply refused to leave their basements where they spent their time round the clock.

“To make matters worse, there was no electricity or heating for months at a stretch. The first winter (in 1992) we just burnt whatever we could lay our hands on - even our summer shoes and clothes because it was so cold that it was difficult to believe that the weather would change again to warm our shivering bodies. There was so little food to eat that we were starving and people shriveled away. Whenever the humanitarian aid arrived, it brought hope of more food.

“The physical hardship and the constant feeling of fear apart, the worst aspect of the war was that it robbed people of their self-esteem. It was degrading and dehumanizing. It was humiliating to line up for food to be doled out. With the economy totally shattered, no one was paid for the work he did. Yet we continued working because it kept us functional. By focusing on our survival, we could keep ourselves going.

Bosnian children in the war

“It might seem strange to the outside world, but the fact is that for us in Sarajevo this was a war to save our city. We were Sarajevans first and Bosnians or Bosnians Serbs or Bosnian Croats later. That is why it was a multi ethnic group, which defended the city. There were cases of a Bosnian Serb fighting his own brother in the Yugoslav army. It was a sense of 'belongingness' we all felt for Sarajevo.”

“Once the war started and the battle lines were drawn, I never wanted to leave. I could have gone away and made a comfortable life for myself in the West. But I knew it would have created moral dilemmas for me which I would never have resolved. Besides I knew that we were not fighting an ethnic war. The war was not against the Bosnian Serbs. There were many Bosnian Serbs on our side too and they fought alongside us. They shared our rage when we discovered that the attacks were directed against the children. How could I go away? I had to stay back and defend the city and help the children survive the trauma. I am proud of my people who survived the horrors of the war and continue to be functional.”

***

Elma visited Pakistan in 2001. She was participating in a seminar organized by Dr Arshad Husain, a psychiatrist at Missouri University, who led a trauma team from his faculty on 23 trips to Bosnia to train mental health workers and teachers to help children deal with the tragedy and trauma of war. ( Elma's choice - DAWN - The Review, November 22, 2001 )

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"Be who you are and say what you feel, because those who mind don't matter and those who matter don't mind." ~Dr. Seuss

"A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty." - W.C

"It's not the size of the dog in the fight, it's the size of the fight in the dog." - Mark Twain

"In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends" - Martin Luther King Jr.

"A real journey is not about seeing new places, but in seeing with new eyes" - Marcel Proust

"Snowflakes are one of nature's most fragile things, but just look what they can do when they stick together." - Vista M. Kelly

"If you can't feed a hundred people, then feed just one". ( Mother Teresa )


FAVORITE SONGS


Nights in White Satin

Hijo de la luna

Sometimes I dream

Da Sutis

Moj Golube


KOJI SU ZNACI LJUBAVI?

KOJI SU ZNACI LJUBAVI? II DIO

ABOUT SARAJEVO:
Study of the battle and siege of Sarajevo


PICTURES FROM SARAJEVO:

Sarajevo Photo Gallery

Architecture - click on each photo


BOSNIAN HISTORY VIDEOS 1992-1995:

Bosna 1992-1995 by Bosanac Berlin


DOCUMENTARIES:

BBC: UN & Dutch disaster in Srebrenica

Srebrenica: Autopsy of a Massacre 52 min documentary

Cowards War

Lost Images - Bosnia 29 min

Bosnia Revisited: Searching for Peace

Balkan Justice


AFTER THE WAR VIDEOS:

Mula Mustafe Bašeskije - Sarajevo by Alessandro

Sarajevo today by Alessandro

The story of Suada Dilberovic by Alessandro

Tuzla by Alessandro


VIDEOS DEDICATED TO BOSNIAN VICTIMS:

Don't forget by Moris Pašić


MOVIES - SHORT FILMS ABOUT BOSNIA:

Breaking and Entering
Richard Gere @ David Letterman Show
The Hunting Party
10 minutes by Ahmed Imamović
Behind Enemy Lines


BOSNIAN SOCCER VIDEOS:



The national anthem of Bosnia-Herzegovina ( BH Himna )

I krv svoju za Bosnu moju (soccer)



Zlatan's father immigrated from Bosnia to Sweden. In 2009, Zlatan was the highest-paid football player in the world.

Best goals of Zlatan Ibrahimovic



Sergej is amazingly talented and admired by Bosnians. When he wanted to coach the Bosnian National Soccer Team, Serbs blocked his entry for political reasons. Sergej is also known for his love to Bosnia ( patriotism ).

Best goals of Sergej Barbarez



Brazilian Ronaldinho is the #1 in the world! We love this picture of him with the Bosnian flag.

Ronaldinho Gaucho ● Moments Impossible To Forget

BOSNIAN MUSIC:

Nigdje tako ko' u Bosni nema
Mojoj Majci
Supermen
Lejla
Kad sve ovo bude juce
Ptica Bijela
Zvacu te pile moje
Heroj
30 kvadrata
Kad procvatu behari
Moj Dilbere
Moj Golube
Zapjevala sojka ptica
Imal jada ko' kad aksam pada
U lijepom starom gradu Visegradu

BOSNIAN FOOD:


Bosnian Cook Book - Tradicionalni Bosanski Kuhar

Bosnian Cook Book - Cool Sofra

BOSNIAN LANGUAGE:
Pricajmo svoj Bosanski jezik i koristimo prevodioce kojima je Bosanski maternji.

BOSNIAN FASHION:



Sarajevo Girls - Fashion Blog


TRAVEL TO SARAJEVO:

Welcome to Sarajevo

Explore Sarajevo

Sa-Seher



This is a city.
In every sense of the word.
And at whatever time of the day, and from whatever elevation you look down at Sarajevo, you always, even if unconsciously, think the same: this is a city, a city wearing out and dying, and at the same time being born and transformed.

Ivo Andrić




BOSNIAN LIFE STYLE AND CULTURE



Videos: "Enjoy life Bosnia and Herzegovina"


9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Enjoy life - Bosnia and Herzegovina I
Enjoy life - Bosnia and Herzegovina II

BOSNIAN SYMBOLS:


Lilicum Bosniacum (Bosnian Lily, Bosanski Ljiljan)

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF REPUBLIC OF BOSNIA


YOU ARE THE ONLY ONE
Author: Dino Dervishalidovic

Zemljo tisucljetna
Na vjernost ti se kunem
Od mora do Save
Od Drine do Une

I pledge my loyalty to you
My thousand year old land
From Sava to the sea
From Drina to Una

Jedna si jedina
Moja domovina
Jedna si jedina
Bosna i Hercegovina

You are the only one
The only homeland I have
You are the only one
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bog nek' te sacuva
Za pokoljenja nova
Zemljo mojih snova
Mojih pradjedova

May God save you
For the generations to come
You are the land of my dreams
The land of my forefathers

Jedna si jedina
Moja domovina
Jedna si jedina
Bosna i Hercegovina

You are the only one
The only homeland I have
You are the only one
Bosnia and Herzegovina



BOSNIAN FLAGS



Republic of BH Army Flag

Republic of Bosnia flag


European Flag - Bosnia



TWIN CITIES WITH CITY OF SARAJEVO

Amsterdam, Netherlands
Ankara, Turkey (1994)
Azerbaijan Baku, Azerbaijan (1972)
Barcelona, Spain (1996)
Budapest, Hungary (1995)
Bursa, Turkey (1979)
Dayton, Ohio, United States (1999)
Ferrara, Italy (1978)
Friedrichshafen, Germany (1972)
Innsbruck, Austria (1980)
Istanbul, Turkey (1997)
Kuwait City, Kuwait (1998)
Ljubljana, Slovenia
Serre Chevalier, France (1995)
Stockholm, Sweden (1997)
Tirana, Albania (1996)
Tripoli, Libya (1976)
Wolfsburg, Germany (1985)
Zagreb, Croatia (2001)





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