Sarajevska Princeza

Sarajevo This is about my homeland Bosnia-Herzegovina, The Siege of Sarajevo - Cultural Genocide in Bosnia - Genocide in Srebrenica - We dare not forget - The killing days - In the heart of Europe - Concentration camps in Bosnia - Ethnic cleansing of Bosnians - Shelling of the City - Francis A. Boyle - Bill Clinton - Bosnian Nation and Bosnian people all over the world. Survivors.


Who are the Bosnians? ( Ko su Bosanci ? )

Bosnia-Herzegovina or Bosnia is the multiethnic and multireligious country of all:

  • Illyrians ( Ilira )
  • Germanic people ( Germana )
  • South Slavs ( Juznih Slavena )
  • Latins ( Latina )
  • Jews ( Jevreja )
  • Romanies ( Roma )
  • Kurds ( Kurda )
  • Arabs ( Araba )

in other words of all:

  • heretic Bosnians ( Bogumil church ) --- ( krstjana Crkve bosanske )
  • muslims ( muslimana )
  • roman catholics ( katolika )
  • protestants ( protestanata )
  • buddhists ( budista )
  • gnostics ( gnostika )
  • jews ( juda )
  • hindus ( hindusa )
  • agnostics ( agnostika )
  • orthodox ( pravoslavaca )
  • atheists ( ateista )
  • non-religious ( bez religije )
  • all other religions ( pripadnici svih drugih religija )

who belong to Bosnian Nation and Bosnian people. In other words all those who are citizens of Bosnia and members of:

  • Bosnianherezegovinian Nation  ( Bosanskohercegovacke Nacije) and
  • Bosnianherzegovinian People ( Bosanskohercegovackog Naroda )

are Bosnians ( Bosanci/Bosanke).

Photo: Bosnian passport, Bosanski pasoš





What would you do if you were in Srebrenica with your family on July 11, 1995?

In the video #5, see below, war criminal Serb Ratko Mladic said:

"Here we are on July 11, 1995 in Serbian Srebrenica ( Serbs just occupied it ) for another Serbian big holiday -- we are giving this city to you as a gift and finally the moment came to revenge against the Turks on this territory!".

Turkish Ottoman Empire was in Balkans hundreds of years ago. Ottomans are already dead. Bosnians are not Turks, in fact they had own Bosnian Kingdom that has been occupied like so many other countries in the past by Turkish Ottoman Empire, Austro-Hungary, Nazi Germany and now Serbs. They have nothing to do with Ottoman Empire which by the way doesn't exist any longer. Bosnians are multiethnic and multireligious members of Bosnian Nation! Yet under Ratko Mladic's order entire Bosnian population who stayed there in Srebrenica were murdered except a few who escaped through the mountains and managed to survive.

How genocide happened in Srebrenica?

Video #1 Part 1

Video #2 Part 2

Video #3 Part3

Video #4 Part 4

Video #5 Part 5

Imagine you are happily living in the village as a child, a young person, a civilian, a mother or a father... You don't have any guns and you can't defend your family, your home, your children, your old mother and father, and cousins neither your wife or husband.

In fact, you can't survive even if you are by yourself. Serbs arrive into your village heavily armed from all over the places and with all their modern war equipment of ex -YU Army they totally destroy your village. You can not go anywhere, because there is no way to go. Serbs surrounded entire Bosnia!!!! More importantly concentration camps and genocide was in entire Bosnia!!! The entire Bosnia was a camp!! But let's focus on this one only one city - Srebrenica (again).

There is no food, no water, no electricity, no phone and no place to live. You have a family, small children who are crying, old people dying and you are surrounded from all sides. There is a forest all over the village but in order for you to get out of forest you must go through Serbs first. You will see on the videos people caught from the forest! You will also see Serbs calling them to get back and surrender, and assuring them nobody will kill them.

Once you surrender to your enemy you can consider yourself dead.

 If you are a man you know you will die because they came there to kill you!!! In fact all Bosnians, (NON-Serbs) need to be killed NOT JUST YOU. They have names of each family, and most Serbs already had left the village because they were told what is going to happen, so what are you going to do? You have no guns so you can not defend yourself.

You have no way to brake through Serbian army that surrounded village. You did not invade their country they came to your village. You did not go to Belgrade they came to your land, to your home, to the place you were born, where you grew up, where your family have lived for a very long time.

If you go through the forest your children and wife can't go that far. Maybe wife could of, but children can not. They cry and draw attention to enemy instantly. Your dad if sick can not walk! You have to carry him on your back, but for how long? You can't cook and make a fire, because if you do Serbs will locate your position, find you and kill all of you.

You are already exhausted because there is no food, no drinks no medicine, nothing!!!!

If you are by yourself you could take your own life. Just hang yourself on the nearest tree, you could have done perhaps that, because at least you would die instantly with less pain and suffering. If you don't kill yourself, you will be dead sooner or later anyway. There was no hope for this people over there!! Serbs did not have much compassion or feeling, they would not spare you if you counted on that. They don't know you but that doesn't matter. They believe you threaten their existence in your own homeland they want to occupy for themselves and live there "happily ever after" in a fantasy land called "Greater Serbia". After they kill you, and your entire family they will attempt to hide all traces of Bosnian existence and genocide.

But if you have a family, children and entire village with your friends, relatives, cousins, people you grew up with, you feel responsible and you can't leave them in the time of war!

You only have two choices: 1) to die sooner or 2) to die later. Whatever you chose you will be dead, you just don't know when exactly.  Maybe you hope that some miracle happens. People often believe despite all evidence, they hope that something will happen and change everything. They counted on UN. UN Dutch representatives stationed in Srebrenica promised protection and then failed to keep their promise. Serbs will eventually get all men, children and women, put all people in the buses, later will separate you from your children, family, friends and your wife and you will never see them again.

Did you know that many Bosnians in Srebrenica wanted to die instantly but this privilege was not given to them, and they were left to suffer? Some were shot in the head. Others first tortured, let to suffer with no possibility to die quickly, and then killed, many were slaughtered. How can anyone not understand the mothers of Srebrenica?  They can not have peace until they actually see the remains of dead body. It's hard for them to believe they lost loved ones this way...

This ethnic cleansing and genocide has been ordered by Serbian leaders Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic who are considered "Saints" to Serbs. This is not a joke!

While you are in Srebrenica, they will break your legs, hands, heads, they will maybe shoot you in the head, cut your throat or rape you like in concentration camps held by Serbs - Omarska and Trnoplje, and they could order you to rape your father or maybe your family member. Some people were begging to be killed instead.

This is very sad..... Very sad...These people who have done these crimes still live free, majority.... just a few were persecuted so far? Not 8.000 for sure!

Children were taken from the mother's hands and brutally slaughtered. This can only be done by evil. How could Serbs be manipulated into a hate of this proportion? Did not they go to school? Or was it a communism? But Bosnians were in communism too and Slovenians, and many other countries, so how come they haven't committed genocide?

There is no excuse and no justification, no matter what -- the entire aggression on Republic of Bosnia should never be forgotten. Bosnian Nation survived but... Serbs took 49% of Bosnian territory through genocide and ethnic cleansing.

There is nothing that can make up for lost lives and all pain and suffering. And these two butchers Serb Ratko Mladic and Montenigran Serb Radovan Karadzic deserve to die 8.000 times exactly the same way how each and every Bosnian have died. There was no Court or trial for victims. They could not say - I am not guilty. They could not defend themselves. They did not have a justice so why should now --- they have it?

Bosnian people, I, we, all of us thought genocide can not possibly happen in the heart of Europe but Bosnian war in 1992 proved it wrong. There is nothing bad in liking your country and loving your nation, but if you become nationalistic to the point that your mind is blurred and you can not see good things in anyone who is not like your "people" then you need to examine yourself.

Sarajevska Princeza

Bosnian woman managed to cross over to Bosnian territory where Bosnian young solders found her. Was captive of Serbian rape camps. Click on the larger photo to see her facial expression, she looks so sad and lost.

Larger photo here Photo: Reuter



No, NO! I am not Ratko Mladic I am Ratiana!!

Ratko Mladic is another Serbian fugitive still hiding somewhere in the trees.


Serbian Fugitives = Serbian Saints ( until when ? )

"A file photo taken on June 18, 2005 ( see below ) shows a woman watching pictures of Serb wartime leader Radovan Karadzic (top C) and his former army chief Ratko Mladic (top R) - two top fugitives who have been on the run for a decade since they were charged with genocide by the UN war crimes tribunal at The Hague, and Draza Mihailovic, (top L), former leader of Chetniks - Serb royalists who fought both the Nazis and the communist Partisans in World War II, together with pictures of saints important for the Serb Orthodox Church, during the xafs day in northwestern Bosnian town of Prijedor."

A woman watching pictures. Getty Images/ AFP

You can see on the picture these three men are compared with Saints. See larger photo Here.

Serbia said on July 21, 2008 that its security forces captured Radovan Karadzic, the wartime Montenigran Serb leader accused of genocide, after nearly 13 years on the run from the UN war crimes tribunal." (
INDICTMENT was because of aggression, genocide and ethnic cleansing of all NON-Serbs.

Karadzic. Photo by Rikard Larma.

"File picture from Bosnian police records show Radovan Karadzic, now ill-famous (sic) Serb leader and indicted war criminal, when he was arrested for industrial crimes in November 1984. This photo was recovered in 1992 from a Sarajevo trash bin by Metro photographer Rikard Larma".  ( )

 An estimated 15,000 children died in this three-year-long civil war. (UNICEF)

An estimated 200,000 people were killed during the war which also produced 3 million refugees who were forcibly expelled from their homes by Serbian and Croatian ethnic cleansing. (UNHCR) After the Dayton Peace Accord, fewer than 10 percent of refugees were able to return home. The majority of refugees were displaced throughout the former Yugoslavia and the world. (UNHCR)


The copy of the entire Karadzic's website under the name of Dr Dragan Dabic

This is the copy of the entire Karadzic's website under the name of Dr Dragan Dabic before the site was taken down: In case anyone wonders what was written on the website here is the entire content:


Dr. Dragan Dabic Healing from Within: The Ever Increasing Need for Alternative Viewpoints in the Modern World.

The expression "alternative medicine", as used in the West today, takes into the consideration any healing practice "that does not fall within the realm of conventional medicine". As such they could include chiropractice, herbalism, Yoga, traditional Chinese medicine, different Indian practices, naturopathy, meditation, bioenergy, massage, hypnosis, homeopathy and diet-based therapies, in addition to other alternative practices.

Holistic approach is not a method or a treatment, rather, it is an everyday philosophy of how life should be lived. Holistic health and fitness viewpoints place emphasis on reaching and maintaining good health as requiring more than just taking care of the various singular components that make up the human body. It points out that emotional and spiritual well-being is the key not only for happy, but also healthy life.

The goal is a wellness that encompasses the entire person, rather than just the lack of physical pain or disease. As such this approach is in stark contrast to traditional medicine which focuses on treating symptoms without attempting to examine anything else."

 Now this part below was about:
- his character,
- interests,
- career,
- credentials,
- his life and
- reputation. All made up!

Dr. Dragan "David" Dabic was born some six decades ago in a small Serbian village of Kovaci, near Kraljevo. As a young boy he liked to explore nearby forests and mountains, spending a lot of time on Kopaonik mountain where he tended to pick the omnipresent, natural and potent medicinal herbs that grew at those green pastures.

As a young man ( photo has been deleted ) he moved to Belgrade, and then on to Moscow where he graduated with a Doctor of Medicine degree (spec. in Psychiatry) at the Moscow State University (Lomonosov). After Russia, Dr. Dabic travelled around India and Japan, after which he settled in China where he specialized in alternative medicine, with a special emphasis on the mind-body control, meditation, Yoga, spiritual cleansing, as well as Chinese herbs.

In mid-1990s Dr. Dabic returned back to mother Serbia for good, and ever since then emerged as one of the most prominent experts in the field of alternative medicine, bioenergy, and macrobiotic diet in the whole of the Balkans, and is frequent contributor to the regional alternative health magazines, and guest expert with numerous TV appearances and on many public forums, seminars and symposiums (Belgrade, Novi Sad, Pancevo, Sombor, Smederevo, Kikinda...) dedicated to these issues and topics.

  Note: Dr. Dabic eats locally produced organic, unprocessed natural food. He loves brown rice, legumes, almonds, walnuts, raisins, dried figs and water. He takes brisk two-hour daily walks in the city's parks, or in nature." Dr. Dragan Dabic currently resides on Yuri Gagarin street in New Belgrade, but for public forum invitations, television appearances or private consultations he can be reached directly at the following contact:

Did not you notice the entire site was in English including the email!? Maybe he wanted to have customers beyond Serbia. Here he listed his favorite proverbs.


10 favorite ancient Chinese proverbs as selected personally by Dr. Dabic:

·  Behind every able man, there are always other able men.

·  Teacher opens the door, but you must enter by yourself.

·  A flawed diamond is better than a common stone that is perfect.

·  Learning is a treasure that will follow its owner everywhere.

·  If you are planning for a year, sow rice; if you are planning for a decade, plant trees; if you are planning for a lifetime, teach people.

·  If your strength is small, don't carry heavy burdens. If your words are worthless, don't give out any advice.

·  You cannot prevent the birds of sorrow from flying over your head, but you can prevent them from building nests in your hair.

·  He who cannot agree with his enemies is controlled by them.

·  He who turns-in his own, shall dig two graves. "

Karadzic as Dabic. AFP/Getty Images

"This undated picture shows Radovan Karadzic (L), alias healer Dragan Dabic, posing with Serbian "bio energy expert" Mina Minic in an undisclosed place in Belgrade. War crimes suspect Radovan Karadzic practised alternative medicine on Serb patients in Vienna during his years on the run, using yet another assumed identity, Austrian newspapers reported on July 25, 2008. An Austrian-Serb couple told the Kurier newspaper they had recognised pictures of the captured Karadzic as the healer who until just over a year ago had treated the wife to help her fall pregnant." ( )

Here you can see that domain was registered in the US. Someone obviously in the US had to help him with this.

Domain name:
Registrant Contact:
   Whois Privacy Protection Service, Inc.
   Whois Agent
   PMB 368, 14150 NE 20th St - F1
   Bellevue, WA 98007
Administrative Contact:
   Whois Privacy Protection Service, Inc.
   Whois Agent (
   Fax: +1.4256960234
   PMB 368, 14150 NE 20th St - F1
   Bellevue, WA 98007
Technical Contact:
   Whois Privacy Protection Service, Inc.
   Whois Agent (
   Fax: +1.4256960234
   PMB 368, 14150 NE 20th St - F1
   Bellevue, WA 98007
Status: Locked
Name Servers: 
Creation date:
Expiration date: 22 Jul 2009 13:25:00

'I am waiting. No one has ever said sorry'

In 1992 Ed Vulliamy revealed the existance of the Bosnian concentration camps. The image of Fikret Alic showed for the first time how Bosnians were brutalized in Serbian concentration camps. In the week of Radovan Karadzic's arrest our  reporter returned to find Alic. In this moving dispatch, he - and other survivors - tell of their anger, despair and continued attempts to try to rebuild their shattered lives.
By: Ed Vulliamy, The Observer/Guardian UK

Most people would not recognize him now - he has a full and manly frame, and a puckish smile; he has even had his teeth fixed. But I would know it anywhere, from the mixture of mischief, a deep inward stare and that mop of hair.

Fikret Alic (bbc)

Bosnian Fikret Alic in Serb held concentration camp Trnopolje,
Bosnia in 1992. Photo by Ron Haviv.

Sixteen summers ago next week, Fikret Alic was probably the most familiar figure in the world. His skeletal, emaciated torso and xylophone ribcage, behind the barbed wire at Trnopolje concentration camp, embodied the violence unleashed on Bosnia's Muslim civilians at the orders of Radovan Karadzic, the man due to be taken to The Hague this weekend to answer charges of genocide and crimes against humanity.

As Karadzic awaits his fate, Fikret Alic is back in Bosnia. Although currently living in Sonderberg, Denmark, he has bought a flat in a block still under construction in Kozarac town centre, and is here to save money to rebuild the nearby family home out of which he was chased in 1992, having completed the foundations. The arrest of the man who organized his torments has left a bittersweet taste.

'I am happy and I am angry,' he says. 'For 13 years, he was living protected as a free man. And for the three years before that, all the world knew what he was doing, from my camp to Srebrenica, but did nothing to stop him. So now the truth will be told, but what has happened to us all this time? Now at last I am happy just because I am alive and here, with my wife and children, and not dead like so many others. But while he was free, I was broken, too.'

I came across Fikret Alic in 1992 at the Trnopolje concentration camp, where I had gone at Karadzic's invitation, while trying to inspect the gulag of concentration camps he had set up across northwestern Bosnia - places of reputed mass murder, torture, mutilation and rape - all of which Karadzic denied, insisting: 'See for yourself.' We took up his suggestion and were directed down a seamless chain of command, first from Karadzic's doorstep to the gates of a place of horror called Omarska, then, after being bundled out before seeing too much, Trnopolje, where Fikret and others languished behind the wire. They had arrived that morning, he said then, from yet another camp, Keraterm, where during a single night 130 men had been massacred in a hangar. Fikret said he had been ordered to help load the bodies on to bulldozers, but, weeping, had his place taken by an older man.

Now Fikret and I meet again, this time to celebrate the arrest of the man who orchestrated the most terrible days of his life. After the embrace, there's a hollow laugh and a pledge that next time we really must get together for another reason. We are talking in Fikret's native town of Kozarac, a place that the Bosnian Serb leader hoped to wipe from the map. As Karadzic languishes in Belgrade, Friday night is getting into gear, the fairground is grinding into action, children are whooping despite the rain; music is throbbing out of bars and cars on to the warm, wet streets and girls on heels like stilts strut into town. The boys' haircuts are stiff with gel and families of three generations are out for a stroll. It could be a libidinous seaside town in Southern Europe.

Kozarac now calls itself 'the biggest small town in the world. Yet 16 summers ago this week, when I came through here on Karadzic's authority, escorted by his guards, it had been burned to the ground and the stench of charred masonry was still heavy in the air. Its inhabitants - apart from a few Serbs tending their animals as though nothing had happened - were either dead, driven out, or taken to one of the gulag of concentration camps. There was no war here in the Prijedor region of Bosnia, just a sudden, vicious and brazen attempt to eradicate an entire population by killing, incarceration, rape and enforced deportation. According to the master plan of which Karadzic is accused, all the people on these streets this Friday night, and in these rebuilt houses, were intended to be dead, gone or never born.

But Kozarac has been rebuilt by the hard work and defiance of a diaspora, some of whom come back for the summer and others who have come back to live - albeit in the Serbian half of Bosnia, the so-called entity Republika Srpska. The mosques are rebuilt, too. As Edin Kararic, a truck driver living in Watford - an Omarska survivor who has opened the Mustang bar on the main street - said to me a few years ago: 'It's not hard to get money for a mosque, but it is extremely hard work to get money to rebuild our houses. I don't go to the mosque, but I like it that they are here, because every minaret is a finger up to the people who tried to put us out. It says: We're back!'

Every year now, there is a commemoration service at Omarska, making this the gathering of a unique tribe in Europe, Clan Omarska. This year's remembrance takes place next week. A local group called Izvor, formed by camp survivor Edin Ramulic, calculates that for all the thousands of bodies already uncovered 3,205 people are still unaccounted for.

As the night unfolds around us, Fikret tells about the hunt in Trnopolje, after our visit, for anyone who talked to the press that day in 1992. He talks about how seven people had been killed for doing so, and how he had had to hide for 10 days after our meeting on 5 August, at which point he joined a convoy of deportees on a terrifying mountain exodus at gunpoint across no-man's land and into Bosnian -held territory. Disguised as a woman he was saved from being taken into a group to be raped because he smelt so badly.

Later in the conflict he had tried to fight in the remarkable 17 Krajiske Brigade, based in Travnik, made up of ethnically cleansed men and women from around Prijedor determined to go home. But he kept coughing up blood and was discharged.

After living in Slovenia and Croatia he had a breakdown. 'I was talking to a tree about my time in the camps. I might as well have been in a straitjacket.' Then came a chance to go to Denmark, a meeting with a Bosnian woman from Sanski Most, near Kozarac, in 1999, 'and when I woke up, I was married,' he laughs. Work loading trucks at a slaughterhouse ended in 2000 after an accident in which a 200kg (32st) carcass fell on his back, but although he does not receive disability pension, the couple have clawed together the money to buy the lease on their flat in Kozarac, and are considering rebuilding the family home, which lies in a small hamlet, surrounded by other incinerated houses, a few returnees and their killers and torturers.

Of his persecutors he now says: 'No one has ever said sorry for what they did. I don't know what it is about these people - I can show you five killers any time we go to Prijedor. Either they are proud of what they did, or pretend it did not happen. I am waiting for someone to admit what they did, or apologize, but they do not, they never will. They have built a monument outside the camp where I was, but it is to Serbs who died, not us. I don't know of any Serbs who died there.'

The long road to Fikret, Trnopolje and Omarska - and to being back in Kozarac last week - began in London at the end of July 1992, when my colleague Maggie O'Kane and the American Roy Gutman published reports from fugitive deportees from Bosnia telling of beatings, torture and murder in the camps, among them Omarska - the place that would emerge as the second most deadly killing field in Bosnia's war, after Srebrenica.

When he invited us to visit the camps, Karadzic greeted us with that professorial, wayward air and faux academic veneer that belied his deranged vision, but left no doubts about his authority over Omarska, promising that we would enter the camp on his word. He sent us down the chain of command to Omarska, first to his Deputy President, Nikola Koljevic, who would be our supervisor, then the crisis staff of the nearest town and administrative centre for Omarska, Prijedor. On the way there we passed the incinerated ruins of Kozarac - 'They are the people who fled because they would not accept the peace,' said our escort, Colonel Milan Milutinovic of the Bosnian Serb army.

After hours of obfuscation and failed attempts by the committee to take us to other camps that had already been inspected by the Red Cross, we set out for Omarska, eventually passing through the back gates of the camp and into another world.

A column of 30 men emerged blinking into the sunlight from the depths of a hangar. They were in various states of decay, some skeletal, with shaven heads. They drilled across a tarmac piste under the watchful eye of a machine-gunner and into a 'canteen', where they gulped down watery bean soup like famished dogs, keeping their bread roll for later. They were told they were allowed to speak freely, but they clearly dared not, the guards swinging their guns; there are few things like the burning eyes of a prisoner who dare not speak what he yearns to say. One man, Dzemal Partusic, said only: 'I do not want to tell any lies, but I cannot tell the truth.' Another, Serif Velic, replied when I asked him about a wound to his head, that he had fallen - it had happened naturally.

When we tried to get to the hangar in which the prisoners were held, we were stopped by the commandant and Prijedor's chief of police, Simo Drjlaca, cocking their guns. Time, and subsequent trials at The Hague, would tell what Karadzic wanted to hide - a nightmare of killing, torture, mutilation, starvation, drunken sadism and rape.

Like Alic, Serif Velic also joined the 17 Krajiske 'ethnically cleansed' brigade after suffering in the camps. This week, he, too, was back in Kozarac, living next to a stone marking a mass grave of 456 bodies in the nearby village of Kevljani, and pointing out another likely mass grave in the field behind his house, where the vegetation becomes suddenly uncomfortably lush.

'I was happier about the rain on my lawn than about the arrest of Karadzic,' he says. 'It's too little, too late. I have taught myself not to hate, because if I hate, that is yet another burden on my back. I want justice, but not revenge - I just want my soul to be in peace. But I cannot forgive. How can I forgive someone who shows no remorse, like Karadzic and all the little Karadzics around here who did these things to us? How can I forgive things that were done by people who are proud of doing it, would do it again and do not ask my forgiveness?'

By the end of the war, Radovan Karadzic had for three years had his hand clasped by the leaders of the Western world, as a fellow politician and diplomat. Then, suddenly, after his indictment by the newly established Hague tribunal, he became a wanted war criminal. But while our journey to the camps had taken us down the chain of command from Karadzic to Omarska over four days, The Hague's long road to Karadzic worked the other way round over 13 years, beginning with the minnows.

In 1996, while 60,000 foreign troops patrolled Bosnia, the fugitive Karadzic moved openly between his home in Pale and the Prijedor area. The first man to be arrested and delivered to the tribunal was Dusko Tadic, a parish-pump sadist from Kozarac, who had kept a café called Tibet.

Tadic had toured the camps to kill and rape at leisure, and became The Hague's first conviction, in May 1997. I had not known him, and testified as an expert witness. But I was curious about the people I had met; much was known about Karadzic by now, but not his middle management, the people we had met that day along the chain of command, on our way into Omarska. I found Deputy President Koljevic in Banja Luka; he had been a mid-ranking Shakespeare scholar before going into politics with Karadzic, but was now mumbling into his cigar about 'digging up the bones, we were digging up the bones' - though it was not clear which bones.

So, finally, in court at The Hague, the story of Karadzic's camps began to be told. Now Mark Harmon and Alan Tieger, two remarkable Americans, the latter having prosecuted Dusko Tadic at the outset, are due to bring the case against Karadzic.

The survivors' campaign for a memorial at Omarska - which is now owned by steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal, and produces 1.5 million tonnes of iron ore a year - is four years old, led by Satko Mujagic, a survivor living in Leiden, the Netherlands. Satko's foundation, Optimisti 2004, has been building sports and communal facilities in Kozarac, and he is back this week to inaugurate a gym with 49,000 euros given by wellwishers and what Satko believes to be the first and only donation ever made by the Serbian authorities to a returnee project, of 15,000 euros.

'It is one thing, and a good thing, to arrest the man, Karadzic,' he says. 'He was the big war criminal, the man with the idea for all that happened. But it is another thing to arrest the idea. Karadzic's ideas live on in the existence of Republika Srpska, and if this is all about joining the European Union, for the Republika Srpska to join the EU would be like Europe admitting a part of Germany that still agreed with Hitler, just because it is in Europe. I have rebuilt the house you are staying in now, but in 1992 it was burned while my grandmother was inside - she is one of the 3,205 people still missing - and I was taken to Omarska. No one has ever said sorry for what they did, no one has ever helped us to return and the authorities oppose outright any monument in Omarska to what they did.'

I remember Satko playing ball with his little girl against the wall of the cells where he was kept in Omarska during a visit when she was two years old. Now she is six, and Satko says: 'When I told Lejla that Karadzic had been arrested, she said that if he killed more than one man, he should go to prison for life, but in prison should not be starved like her father - no one should do that.'

Dzemal Partusic - the man who had not wanted to tell any lies, but could not tell the truth in the Omarska canteen in 1992 - has also rebuilt his home here, on a hillside in Kozarac. In the week of Karadzic's arrest, he is free and happy to talk as he feels.

'It is important that Karadzic has been arrested,' he says, above a beautiful view stretching towards Omarska. 'I see him as a second Hitler, the person who thought he could do whatever he wanted to us, and did. He was a man the world negotiated with, but I saw him as a man you cannot negotiate with. So that is good. But what are we left with?

'We can build our houses, we can show them we are back, that this is our country, but we can never get back our lives as they were before. Karadzic being arrested will not give us back our dead.'

Eventually Fikret Alic and I take a drive out of flourishing Kozarac to the hamlet where he grew up and from which he fled into the mountains, only to be captured - while most of his friends were killed. 'We found parts of their remains later,' he says. We stop at a mosque, where a plaque names the hundreds of dead from just that tiny neighbourhood. 'That is my brother,' he says, 'and that my grandfather.' We drive on, past the rebuilt houses, to the cement foundations of what Fikret hopes will one day be his home again, and where he and his mother, sisters, wife and their children were yesterday due to cook a lamb barbecue. I praise the whole, defiant miracle of Kozarac. 'Oh,' counsels Fikret in reply, 'it is not a problem to build a house. It is more of a problem to awake a dead man.

This article is posted in the Features - Weekly Bridge Publication


  The emaciated Bosnian man whose image was at the centre of a libel dispute between ITN and Living Marxism has praised the TV crew for their coverage.
  Bosnian Fikret Alic paid tribute to ITN reporter Penny Marshall. He also expressed his gratitude to the TV crew who had filmed the Serb-run Trnopolje camp where he and hundreds of others were held captive in August 1992. "Until Penny arrived, no one knew around the world what had happened and that we were all prisoners," he told ITN through an interpreter. Ms Marshall and her colleague Ian Williams were each awarded £150,000 by the High Court on Tuesday, following a successful libel action against Living Marxism. The magazine ran a story questioning the veracity of the coverage.

But Mr Alic added that after the camera crew left, conditions at the camp deteriorated further. "Our lives changed a lot," he said. "I would like to say that behind the cameramen there were Serb soldiers and they shouted to write everybody's names who said something in front of the camera.

He went on: "At the time they didn't know why they were saying that but the camera crew left and they started killings." He added: "Justice is in The Hague. I wouldn't like something like that to happen anywhere in the world.

Serb held concentration camp survivor Bosnian Fikret Alic after the war. Photo by Borut Peterlin ( Ref: BBC )
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